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Error Pages

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404 Page

A 404 page may be accessed very often so Blitz provides a static 404 page by default without having to add any additional files.

Customizing The 404 Page

To create a custom 404 page you can create a app/pages/404.js file. This file is statically generated at build time.

// app/pages/404.js
export default function Custom404() {
  return <h1>404 - Page Not Found</h1>
}

500 Page

By default Blitz provides a 500 error page that matches the default 404 page’s style. This page is not statically optimized as it allows server-side errors to be reported. This is why 404 and 500 (other errors) are separated.

Customizing The Error Page

500 errors are handled both client-side and server-side by the Error component. If you wish to override it, define the file app/pages/_error.js and add the following code:

function Error({ statusCode }) {
  return (
    <p>
      {statusCode
        ? `An error ${statusCode} occurred on server`
        : "An error occurred on client"}
    </p>
  )
}

Error.getInitialProps = ({ res, err }) => {
  const statusCode = res ? res.statusCode : err ? err.statusCode : 404
  return { statusCode }
}

export default Error

app/pages/_error.js is only used in production. In development you’ll get an error with the call stack to know where the error originated from.

Customize the Error Boundary Fallback Component

The default app/pages/_app.tsx configures an error boundary which catches errors that happen during render, on the client side. This will also catch errors within useQuery or useMutation because they happen in suspense.

In essence, the default configuration is:

export default function App({ Component, pageProps }: AppProps) {
  return (
    <ErrorBoundary FallbackComponent={RootErrorFallback} {...etc}>
      {getLayout(<Component {...pageProps} />)}
    </ErrorBoundary>
  )
}

The RootErrorFallback is rendered when a error happens within render, or a suspended mutation or query. By default:

function RootErrorFallback({
  error,
  resetErrorBoundary,
}: ErrorFallbackProps) {
  if (error instanceof AuthenticationError) {
    return <LoginForm onSuccess={resetErrorBoundary} />
  } else if (error instanceof AuthorizationError) {
    return (
      <ErrorComponent
        statusCode={error.statusCode}
        title="Sorry, you are not authorized to access this"
      />
    )
  } else {
    return (
      <ErrorComponent
        statusCode={error.statusCode || 400}
        title={error.message || error.name}
      />
    )
  }
}

Authentication Error Component (401)

If your query, mutation, or render function throw new AuthenticationError() when the user is not authenticated, you can detect that within the error fallback:

function RootErrorFallback({
  error,
  resetErrorBoundary,
}: ErrorFallbackProps) {
  if (error instanceof AuthenticationError) {
    return <MyCustomError error={error} onRetry={resetErrorBoundary} />
  }
  return (
    <ErrorComponent
      statusCode={error.statusCode || 400}
      title={error.message || error.name}
    />
  )
}

Authorization Error Component (403)

Your query, mutation, or render function may call throw new AuthorizationError() when a user is authenticated but not authorized to do something. The error fallback may handle that:

function RootErrorFallback({
  error,
  resetErrorBoundary,
}: ErrorFallbackProps) {
  if (error instanceof AuthorizationError) {
    return <MyCustomError error={error} onRetry={resetErrorBoundary} />
  }
  return (
    <ErrorComponent
      statusCode={error.statusCode || 400}
      title={error.message || error.name}
    />
  )
}

Reusing the built-in error page

You can render the built-in error page by importing ErrorComponent.

It accepts two props:

  • statusCode - a number to display as the error code
  • title - a string to display as the error message
import { ErrorComponent } from "blitz"

export default function Page() {
  return <ErrorComponent statusCode={404} />
}
import { ErrorComponent } from "blitz"

export default function Page() {
  return <ErrorComponent statusCode={401} title="Unauthorized" />
}

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